Suppliers play a significant role in our delivery process. We aim to have close and excellent relationships with our key suppliers in order to ensure that both parties have a mutual understanding of and are able to respond to our strict process and product requirements. Apart from financial benefits, close relationships create added value for suppliers through the knowledge and development support we offer them, and at the same time Wärtsilä gains from the supplier competence. Successful relationships can also help a local supplier to expand internationally by becoming a part of our global supply chain. Wärtsilä has more than 3,700 active suppliers, most of whom are located in Europe, where we have our main production units. We are also continuously investing in developing a strong supply chain network in Asia.
Wärtsilä has defined its processes for choosing suppliers, determining their requirements and developing the supply relationship. Wärtsilä offers its suppliers a partnership that strengthens the competitiveness of both parties. A precondition of this partnership is an open and continuous dialogue. Partnership thinking is also applied in Wärtsilä's research and development activities, where the company often collaborates with universities and key suppliers.
Wärtsilä's supplier requirements address both general features and issues relating to quality, product-specific requirements, environmental management, occupational health and safety, social responsibility and legal compliance. These requirements are included in standard supply contracts. Wärtsilä controls regularly that suppliers comply with these requirements by using performance indicators and audits. Suppliers must demonstrate their compliance with these requirements in order to receive approved supplier status. The main priorities in Wärtsilä's supplier evaluations are supplier selection, conformance with requirements and performance reviews.
Wärtsilä assesses and manages its suppliers through its Supplier Management System. Wärtsilä regularly conducts supplier evaluations. These are divided into three categories: pre-assessment, auditing and performance review. A pre-assessment is made of potential new suppliers before the supplier relationship begins. Audits are conducted for new suppliers and for suppliers whose performance does not meet Wärtsilä's requirements. Performance reviews are carried out to identify and solve deviations from requirements. In the evaluation of a supplier, Wärtsilä focuses on several critical indicators in which Wärtsilä expects the suppliers to have high standards and performance: compliance with relevant legislation; environmental, occupational health and safety and quality management; process mapping, risk management; quality plans and social performance.
Wärtsilä has implemented measures to regularly track its suppliers' performance. As part of the supplier evaluation, Wärtsilä conducts a rating based upon Wärtsilä's supplier requirements. This rating includes an evaluation of compliance with Wärtsilä´s sustainability requirements related to legal compliance, environmental, occupational health and safety management and social performance, including responsible business conduct. This rating is a result of pre-qualification questionnaires and conducted audits.
Based on this rating, the suppliers can be approved, approved with limitations or remarks, or banned. During 2014, 222 suppliers with no valid assessment were rated, and 95 suppliers received a renewal of their rating. By the end of 2014, Wärtsilä has rated 657 of its key suppliers (1,219 overall), and this covers 95% of the total spent on Wärtsilä Supply Management supplies.
This rating is part of the quarterly supplier reviews conducted by Wärtsilä Supply Management. The rating is reviewed regularly, as are the results of conducted audits.
In 2014, two suppliers were banned because of non-compliance with Wärtsilä’s requirements for environmental, health and occupational safety management, or through non-compliance with legislation.