This interim report is prepared in accordance with IAS 34 (Interim Financial Reporting) using the same accounting policies and methods of computation as in the annual financial statements for 2016. All figures in the accounts have been rounded and consequently the sum of individual figures can deviate from the presented sum figure.
Use of estimates
The preparation of the financial statements in accordance with IFRS requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the valuation of the reported assets and liabilities and other information, such as contingent liabilities and the recognition of income and expenses in the statement of income. Although the estimates are based on the management’s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results may differ from the estimates.
In 2017, the Group has adopted the following new standard issued by the IASB.
The Group has early adopted IFRS 9 Financial Instruments, which replaces IAS 39 Financial Instruments - Recognition and Measurement. IFRS 9 includes revised guidance on the classification and measurement of financial assets, new general hedge accounting requirements and a new expected credit loss model for calculating impairment on financial assets. In its main aspects, it also carries forward the guidance on recognition and derecognition of financial instruments from IAS 39. The impacts of IFRS 9 adoption are described below.
The new hedge accounting guidance in IFRS 9 aligns the hedge accounting treatment better with risk management activities and, among others, allows net position hedging. The Group applies the new hedge accounting requirements prospectively. Usually the Group hedges received orders separately from the committed purchases but in some projects or long term agreements the Group might apply cash flow hedging also against the expected net cash flows, consisting of related sales proceeds and purchases in the same currency. The result from net position hedges is presented on a separate line in the statement of income. The adoption of the new hedge accounting requirements did not have any material impact on the reporting period January-September 2017.
Under IFRS 9, financial assets are classified according to their cash flow characteristics and the business model in which they are managed. The Group has categorised its financial assets to financial assets measured at amortised cost, at fair value through the statement of income and at fair value through other comprehensive income. The reclassification has not had any impact on equity.
Financial assets are classified under IFRS 9 as presented in the table below.