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Risks and business uncertainties

Global trade tensions and macroeconomic uncertainty continues to be a concern in the marine industry, posing a potential risk for reduced demand, especially in the tanker, bulk carrier, and containership segments. The offshore segment remains challenging due to overcapacity and volatile oil price development. Climate change requires increasing efforts to reduce emissions within the shipping industry. However, the enforcement of environmental regulations and the potential introduction of new regulations remain a source of uncertainty.

In the power generation markets, fragile economic growth and slow decision-making continue to be the primary risks for demand development. Geopolitical tensions and trade barrier implications, as well as significant currency fluctuations, can result in investment decisions being postponed. Furthermore, elections are causing a temporary slowdown of business in certain countries. Price pressure resulting from the prevailing competitive environment remains a risk.

Effective cyber risk management is increasingly important as cyber security has become vital to the operation and management of many safety, security, and protection systems in the shipping environment, as well as with the increasing importance of energy management systems as renewable penetration grows. Wärtsilä emphasises a holistic approach to the management of cyber and physical security risks in its internal operations and customer offerings. The company’s cyber security team carries out its operational, governance and compliance activities in line with the IEC62443 and ISO 27k protocols. Such activities include cyber assurance, risk management, detection, a secure software development lifecycle, training, endpoint protection, network security, and cyber advisory services.

The Group is a defendant in a number of legal cases that have arisen out of, or are incidental to, the ordinary course of its business. These lawsuits mainly concern issues such as contractual and other liability, labour relations, property damage, and regulatory matters. The Group receives from time to time claims of different amounts and with varying degrees of substantiation. There is currently one unusually sizeable claim. It is the Group’s policy to provide for amounts related to the claims, as well as for litigation and arbitration matters, when an unfavourable outcome is probable, and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated.

The annual report contains a more detailed description of Wärtsilä’s risks and risk management.

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